Lesson 1: Eggsploring the Egg

Introduction:

These materials are designed to enhance Lesson 1: Exploring the Egg. Youth will explore the idea of life cycles as they learn about different parts of an egg.

Focus Question:
  • What are the parts of an egg?
Life Skills:
  • Learning to Learn
Virtual Assets

Eggsploring the Egg

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Identify the different parts of an egg using this quiz on Educaplay.

Eggsploring (PDF)

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Download a coloring page to identify the different parts of an egg.

After Dinner Science: The Squishy Egg (Activity)

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Learn about the chemistry behind eggshells with this hands-on experiment.

After Dinner Science: The Squishy Egg (Recording Sheet)

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Use this PDF to help youth organize their ideas and their work with the Squishy Egg activity.

Squishy Egg

Observe how to set up and complete the Squishy Egg activity.

Lesson 2: Pick-a-Chick

Introduction:

These materials are designed to enhance Lesson 2: Pick a Chick. Youth will explore ideas of heredity as they compare and contrast different poultry breeds.

Focus Question:
  • How do chicks in the same brood resemble their parents or each other? How are they different from their parents or from other chicks in the same brood?
Life Skills:
  • Communicating
  • Decision-making
Virtual Assets

Find your Flock
(Coming Soon!)

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Explore genetics and inheritance in this game that asks youth to match baby chicks with their parents.

Hen House Party
(Coming Soon!)

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Based on the classic party game “Who Am I?”, Hen House Party gets youth moving around and asking yes/no questions to deduce which breed of chicken has been taped to their back. The game includes images of different chicken breeds, a note-taking template with sample question stems, and an illustrated field guide to help youth learn about each breed.

Lesson 3: Warming Up with Eggs

Introduction:

These materials are designed to enhance Lesson 3: Warming Up with Eggs. Youth will learn the fundamentals of incubation, including the importance of heat, humidity, and turning for the developing chicks.

Focus Question:
  • How can we provide ideal conditions for our chicks to grow?
Life Skills:
  • Planning and Organizing
Virtual Assets

Setting Up the Incubator
Facilitator Video

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NC State University Poultry Extension Specialist Dr. Mary Fosnaught explains how to set up an incubator. This video is aimed at facilitators.

Setting the Eggs
Facilitator Video

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Dr. Mary Fosnaught explains how to set eggs in the incubator. This video is aimed at facilitators.

Chick Chat with Mr. Mason: Setting the Eggs Video

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Youth can join 4-H Agent Mason Lawrence and his assistant Brandon as they set up an incubator. Learn how to properly mark and place the eggs into the incubator.

Egg Tracking Sheet

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Youth can join 4-H Agent Mason Lawrence and his assistant Brandon as they set up an incubator. Learn how to properly mark and place the eggs into the incubator.

 Vocabulary Flashcards

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Help youth acquire the technical vocabulary needed to accurately discuss the science of embryology.

Vocabulary Flashcards
(Online Game Coming Soon)

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Play an online game to help youth acquire the technical vocabulary needed to accurately discuss the science of embryology.

Crossword Puzzle

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Youth can practice vocabulary terms by completing a crossword puzzle.

Crossword Puzzle

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Youth can practice vocabulary terms by completing a crossword puzzle on Educaplay.

Lesson 4: Building an Eggs-Ray Viewer

Introduction:

These materials are designed to enhance Lesson 4: Building an Eggs-Ray Viewer. Youth will build and use a simple candler from everyday items.

Focus Question:
  • How do farmers make sure that their chicks are developing correctly?
Life Skills:
  • Relating to Others
  • Cooperation
Virtual Assets

After Dinner Science: Poultry Vision

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Youth can build a working candler from everyday household items that they can use to observe how the embryo is developing inside the egg.

Troubleshooting Humidity
Facilitator Video

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NC State University Poultry Extension Specialist Dr. Mary Fosnaught provides suggestions for managing humidity in an incubator. This video is aimed at facilitators.

Troubleshooting Power Outages
Facilitator Video

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Dr. Mary Fosnaught provides suggestions for keeping your eggs safe in the event of a power outage. This video is aimed at facilitators.

Candling
Facilitator Video

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Dr. Mary Fosnaught demonstrates how to build and use a homemade candler. This video is aimed at facilitators.

All about Candling Video

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Youth can join 4-H Agent [NAME] to learn about the history of candlers, their usage in agriculture, and how they work. The video includes a demonstration of building a homemade candler.

Lesson 5: Playing Peek-a-Boo with Embryos

Introduction:

These materials are designed to enhance Lesson 5: Playing Peek-a-boo with Embryos. Youth will deepen their understanding of life cycles by comparing chicken embryos at different stages of development.

Focus Question:
  • How does a chick grow?
Life Skills:
  • Observing
  • Communicating
  • Relating
Virtual Assets

From Embryo to Chick Video


Youth can join 4-H Agent Victoria Brewer in Chatham County, NC and the Livestock Conservancy to compare the parts of a fertilized and unfertilized egg. The video reviews the parts of an egg, shows how vinegar affects eggshells, and compares the internal structures in two different eggs. The end shows an embryo moving inside of a candled egg.

Candling Recording Sheet

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This PDF can help youth record changes to the embryos in specific eggs over the course of incubation.

Candling Video

Youth can watch how an embryo grows from days 2 – 17 using this video of candled eggs.

Hatching Video

Youth can watch eggs hatching after 21 days in the incubator. 

FlipGrid Prompt

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If you use FlipGrid with your youth, you can ask them “What happens inside of an egg each day?” Assign youth to specific incubation days. You can decide whether to pick milestone days or to cover all 21 days of incubation. Have youth respond to the prompt as if they are the embryo. Responses should include a description of how the embryo is changing and what they expect to happen next. Youth can be creative and include the embryo’s perception of the world outside the shell.

This curriculum is produced by National 4-H and can be located at shop4-h.org. The activities on this page are designed to enhance and work with the curriculum, they are not a substitute for the book content.